First Nations have advocated for an independent specific claims process for over four decades, repeatedly raising concerns about Canada’s control over funding, access to negotiations and evidence, and unilateral review of specific claims.
Sparked by the legislated five-year review of the Specific Claims Tribunal Act and a 2016 report of the Office of the Auditor General, Canada committed to work jointly with the AFN and First Nations to substantively reform the specific claims process and policy.
In 2017, the Chiefs-in-Assembly passed AFN Resolution 91-2017, Support for a Fully Independent Specific Claims Process, calling on Canada to work in equal partnership with the AFN and First Nations to develop a fully independent process with “the goal of achieving the just resolution of Canada’s outstanding lawful obligations through good faith negotiations.”
The AFN held a series of dialogue sessions with First Nations in the fall of 2019 to seek input on what a fully independent specific claims process should look like. These sessions and the input collected, along with written submissions from several First Nations, helped to inform the development of a Draft Summary Report. Following the release of the Summary Report, the AFN developed a Specific Claims Reform Proposal to guide the reform the specific claims process.
For additional information about the 2019 dialogue process review our background resources below or contact the AFN directly.